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#PARTOFOURHERITAGE. With the help of her church and the Nova Scotia Association for the Advancement of Coloured People (NSAACP), Desmond hired a lawyer, Frederick William Bissett, who represented her in the criminal trials and attempted, unsuccessfully, to file a lawsuit against the Roseland Theatre. Complete Viola Desmond 2017 Biography. Viola had 6 siblings: Nola Desmond, John J Desmond and 4 other siblings. Viola Desmond (1914-1965) Early Life Viola Desmond was born thin Nova Scotia July 6 , 1914, to James and Gwendolin Davis, which was her maiden name. Each year as many as fifteen women graduated from the school, all of whom had been denied admission to whites-only training schools. Viola built a career and a business as a beautician. In 2003, at the age of 73, Robson enrolled in a course on race relations in North America at University College of Cape Breton (now Cape Breton University) taught by Graham Reynolds. She was then held in a cell overnight. In 1946, Viola Desmond challenged racial discrimination when she refused to leave the segregated Whites-only section of the Roseland Theatre in New Glasgow, Nova Scotia. [28], On July 7, 2016, a Halifax harbour ferry was launched bearing her name. One of 15 siblings, Viola was a successful entrepreneur who operated her own beauty parlour and college in Halifax. Throughout the trial, Desmond was not provided with legal representation or informed that she was entitled to any. Why did I choose Viola Desmond? Viola Desmond was born July 6, 1914. The statute used to convict Desmond contained no explicitly racist or discriminatory language. Viola Desmond died on February 7, 1965 while on a visit to New York City. Bissett did not bill his client, which allowed the NSAACP to use the funds raised for legal fees to continue their fight against segregation in Nova Scotia. Her lawyer, Bissett, refused to bill Desmond and the money was used to support William Pearly Oliver's newly established Nova Scotia Association for the Advancement of Coloured People (NSAACP). Desmond was dragged out of the theatre, injuring her hip and knee in the process, and taken to jail. Viola Desmond was brought up in a large family with 10 siblings. To pass the time while waiting, she went to see The Dark Mirror[14] starring Olivia de Havilland at the Roseland Film Theatre. One wonders if the manager of the theatre who laid the complaint was so zealous because of a bona fide belief that there had been an attempt to defraud the province of Nova Scotia of the sum of one cent, or was it a surreptitious endeavour to enforce a Jim Crow rule by misuse of a public statute. One of 15 siblings, Viola was a successful entrepreneur who operated her own beauty parlour and college in Halifax. Decades after her death, Viola Desmond’s story began to receive public attention, primarily through the efforts of her sister Wanda Robson. 8 months ago. 1 Viola Desmond was an African Canadian woman from Nova Scotia. [2][3] The Crown-in-Right-of-Nova Scotia also apologized for prosecuting her for tax evasion and acknowledged she was rightfully resisting racial discrimination. Here's all you need to know about her. The ticket seller handed Desmond a ticket to the balcony instead, the seating generally reserved for non-White customers. [41] She became the first historical woman of colour to feature in a Heritage Minute. Stories from here An innovative, interactive multidisciplinary project that celebrates Halifax’s vibrant Black community. [16] Best had herself previously confronted the racial segregation of the Roseland Theatre.[17]. Adolf Hitler was a German politician, demagogue, and Pan-German revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party, Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945. Viola Desmond stood up for the human rights. 1924 (?) Viola Desmond born Viola Irene Davis, was a Canadian Business owner and beautician. Viola Desmond has cemented a lasting legacy in the hearts of Canadians from coast to coast, for her refusal to move to a "whites only" section in the 1940s. “Take it to the Lord with a prayer,” was his suggestion. viola desmond has 10 siblings. When she was refused admittance to Nova Scotia’s hairdressing school because of her race, Desmond was forced to move to Montreal, then Long Road to Justice - The Viola Desmond StoryWatch a documentary film that about the life of pioneer anti-racism activist Viola Desmond. Black Halifax. Viola Desmond's family was made up of her parents and 10 siblings. It was “customary,” he said, for Black persons to sit together on the balcony. At no point in the proceedings was the issue of race mentioned. Her mother, Gwendolin Irene (Johnson) Davis was the daughter of a white minister and his wife. She was Born and raised in Halifax,Nova Scotia Viola Desmond trained as a teacher but soon joined her husband Jack Desmond in a combined barbershop and hairdressing salon (a beauty parlor on An innovative, interactive multidisciplinary project that celebrates Halifax’s vibrant Black community. Viola Desmond Public School. In December 2016, the Bank of Canada announced that Viola Desmond would be the first Canadian woman to be featured by herself on the face of a banknote — the $10 note released on 19 November 2018. She was brought up in a large family with 10 siblings. [37] Desmond was also the subject of a children's book Viola Desmond Won't Be Budged by Jody Nyasha Warner. Six of those dollars were awarded to the manager of the Roseland Theatre, who was listed in the court proceedings as prosecutor. [13], Her sister, Wanda Robson, wrote a book about activism in her family and her experiences with her sister, titled Sister to Courage. William Pearly Oliver later reflected on Desmond's legacy: ... this meant something to our people. In 2010, Desmond was granted a posthumous pardon, the first to be granted in Canada. Share. It is my conviction that much of the positive action that has since taken place stemmed from this ... Desmond is often compared to Rosa Parks, given they both challenged racism by refusing to vacate seats in "Whites Only" sections and contributed to the rise of the Civil Rights Movement. Viola Desmond Public School. Despite the efforts of the Nova Scotian Black community to assist her appeal, Viola Desmond was unable to remove the charges against her and went unpardoned in her lifetime. Viola Desmond quickly found success. In 2017, Desmond was inducted to Canada’s Walk of Fame under the Philanthropy & Humanities category. minister and his wife, who had moved to Halifax from New Haven, Connecticut. Although racism was not officially entrenched in Canadian society, Black persons in Canada, and certainly in Nova Scotia, were aware that an unwritten code constrained their lives. Wanda Robson, who is Viola Desmond's youngest sister, recalls the many accounts she's heard over her 90 years from her older siblings. Her proposal was to include the existing Edward Cornwallis statue among three other statues of Acadian Noël Doiron, Black Nova Scotian Viola Desmond and Mi'kmaw Chief John Denny Jr. Wanda Robson, who is Viola Desmond's youngest sister, recalls the many accounts she's heard over her 90 years from her older siblings. 1920 United States Federal Census. Thanks for contributing to The Canadian Encyclopedia. At an early age, Viola realized that there were no hair and skin-care products locally available to black women in Nova Scotia. [7], Viola Desmond (née Davis) was born on July 6, 1914, one of ten children of James Albert and Gwendolin Irene (née Johnson) Davis. Viola Desmond was named a National Historic Person by the Canadian government in 2018. Her father, James, was a barber. She lived in a time when black women were expected to be servants in houses, and black men were expected to be servants on trains. RELEASED 2016. In 2012 Viola Desmond was honored by Canada Post with her image on a postage stamp, and on March 8, 2018 the new Canadian $10 bill with her image was introduced to the public. She was 50. When Was Viola Desmond Born. When she was asked to move, she realized what was happening, and refused to move because she had a better view from the main floor there. [15], Google's July 6, 2018 Doodle, created by Google artist Sophie Diao, celebrates the life and legacy of Viola Desmond, and was distributed across Canada. Her mother, Gwendolin There she was met by the Elmo Langille, chief of police, and MacNeil — the pair left together, returning an hour later with a warrant for Desmond’s arrest. Her mother, Gwendolin Irene Davis (née Johnson), was the daughter of a White She eventually settled in New York City, where she died from gastrointestinal bleeding on February 7, 1965, at the age of 50. The cashier refused, saying, “I’m sorry but I’m not permitted to sell downstairs tickets to you people.” Realizing that the cashier was referring to the colour of her skin, Desmond decided to take a seat on the main floor anyway. When told it would take a day for the parts to become available to fix the issue, Mrs. Desmond decided to pass her time by seeing a movie at the local theater in New Glasgow. Viola Desmond was an African Canadian woman from Nova Scotia. Oh! In 1946 she challenged racial segregation at a cinema in New Glasgow, Nova Scotia by refusing to leave a whites-only area of the Roseland Theatre. She was born on July 6, 1914 in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada and died on February 7, 1965 in New York, New York, United States aged 50. With their support, Desmond decided to fight the charge in court. [24], On January 28, 2019, a Nova Scotia school teacher was awarded the Governor General's History Award for her students' proposal to build a statue of Desmond in Cornwallis Park. For more information about Viola Desmond visit The Canadian Encyclopedia. On the advice of the doctor who examined the injuries that resulted from her arrest, Desmond contacted a lawyer in order to reverse her charge. Motivated by her parents’ example of hard work and community involvement, Desmond aspired to success as an independent businesswoman. Does Desmond Tutu have any siblings? Upon finishing her training, Desmond returned to Halifax to start her own hair salon. Although it was unusual at the time, her mother was white her father was black. Viola grew up in a household with 10 siblings. Magistrate Roderick MacKay was the only legal official in the court; no crown attorney was present. [39], On February 2, 2016, Historica Canada featured Desmond in a Heritage Minute,[40] filmed in High River, Alberta, in June 2015. Follow the Halton District School Board. Canada. John A. Davis Shocked and frightened, she maintained her composure and, as she later explained, sat bolt upright all night long. On November 8, 1946, while travelling to Sydney on a business trip, Viola stopped in New Glasgow when her car broke down. Viola Desmond died on February 7, 1965 while on a visit to New York City. Since the theatre would only agree to sell Desmond a cheaper balcony ticket, but she had insisted upon sitting in the much more expensive main floor seat, she was only one cent short on tax. For this, she was convicted of a minor tax violation for the one-cent tax difference between the seat she had paid for and the seat she used, which was more expensive. In 1946 Desmond was removed from the Roseland Theatre in New Glasgow, Nova Scotia, for refusing to … In 2012 Viola Desmond was honored by Canada Post with her image on a postage stamp, and on March 8, 2018 the new Canadian $10 bill with her image was introduced to the public. ... She and her fourteen siblings grew up in Halifax, Nova Scotia, as the children of Gwendolin and James Davis. Viola Desmond. Played 13 times. Viola Desmond's family was made up of her parents and 10 siblings. She was forcefully removed from the theatre which caused an injury to her hip. She lived in a time when black women were expected to be servants in houses, and black men were expected to be servants on trains. Edit. Desmond’s husband, Jack, had grown up in New Glasgow and was not surprised when Viola told him about her treatment at the Roseland. The beautiful and elegant African-Canadian woman owned and operated a successful beauty parlour and beauty college in Halifax. On 6 July 2018, a Google Doodle telling Desmond’s story was released in Canada in celebration of her 104th birthday. viola desmond siblings names; Answer for question: Your name: Answers. Facts about Civil Rights Leader Viola Desmond - age: 50, height, Salary, famous birthday, birthplace, horoscope, fanpage, before fame and family, all about Viola Desmond's personal life, and more. The people arose as one and with one voice. She lived in a time when black women were expected to be servants in houses, and black men were expected to be servants on trains. “It’s still in the family,” he said of the house where a young woman named Viola Davis lived with her parents and siblings, before she became Viola Desmond, as the world would come to know her. Viola Desmond was born in 1914 in Halifax, Nova Scotia. Desmond was also named a National Historic Person in 2018. Viola Desmond will grace the ban note in 2018. On 8 December 2016, it was announced that Desmond would appear on the face of the $10 note (see Women on Canadian Banknotes). Desmond was named a National Historic Person on January 12, 2018. Her parents were highly regarded within the Black community in Halifax. Early Life of Viola Desmond. Viola Desmond: her birthday, what she did before fame, her family life, fun trivia facts, popularity rankings, and more. The Story of Viola Desmond Viola Desmond. She opened a beauty school, the Desmond School of Beauty Culture, to train women and expanded her business across the province. [8] Viola grew up with her grandparents who were active in the black community in Halifax, Nova Scotia, despite the fact that her mother was white and her father black, uncommon for the time. After a short period teaching in two racially-segregated schools for Black students, she began a program of study at the Field Beauty Culture School in Montreal, one of the few such institutions in Canada at the time that accepted Black applicants. Like many other Black Nova Scotians who had grown accustomed to the racist attitudes that prevailed in the province, he was inclined to let the issue rest. 1. ... Impact of Viola Desmond Mrs. Viola Irene Davis Desmond was born on July 6, 1914 in Halifax, Nova Scotia, to James and Gwendolyn Davis. donate my hero is a 501c3 nonprofit organization browse stories. Desmond's case is one of the most publicized incidents of racial discrimination in Canadian history and helped start the modern civil rights movement in Canada. Journey to JusticeA compelling documentary that focuses on Black Canadians who fought racism and discrimination. Black women in particular were able to discover opportunity not otherwise available. Born on July 6, 1914, Viola Irene Desmond had nine siblings. She later married Jack Desmond. Racial Segregation in Canadian Legal History: Viola Desmond's Challenge, Nova Scotia, 1946. Viola Desmond Timeline July 6, 1914 Born Viola Irene Davis in Halifax, Nova Scotia, she was the daughter of James Davis, a self-employed barber and businessman, and Gwendolyn Irene Johnson, a homemaker. Violia Desmond DRAFT. Viola Desmond was an African Canadian woman from Nova Scotia. Her parents were highly regarded within the Black community in Halifax. On the evening of November 8, 1946, Viola Desmond’s car broke down. From the National Film Board of Canada. Desmond Tutu has Two Siblings, he was the second born of three. [9], Growing up, Desmond noted the absence of professional hair and skin-care products for black women and set her sights on addressing the need. What is Viola's background? The 82nd Heritage Minute in Historica Canada's collection. Play this game to review Other. Others in the community were less accepting; the Nova Scotia Association for the Advancement of Coloured People (NSAACP) raised money to fight Desmond’s conviction, and Carrie Best, the founder of The Clarion, the province’s second Black-owned and operated newspaper, took a special interest in the case. Neither principle took precedence over the other. Although she had requested a more expensive main floor seat, she was sold a ticket to the balcony because the theatre had a policy of racial segregation. Still, it was clear that Desmond’s real offence was to violate the implicit rule that Black persons were to sit in the balcony seats, segregated from White persons on the main floor. s201079040_63192. Viola Desmond was a Canadian citizen of mixed race, who championed the cause of equal rights for people with dark skin, in early 20th century. 1924 (?) Her parents were highly regarded within the Black community in Halifax . https://www.answers.com/Q/How_many_siblings_does_viola_desmond_have Viola was born on July 6, 1914. In the course, Reynolds related the experience of Viola Desmond, prompting Wanda to speak out. Wanda Robson, who is Viola Desmond's youngest sister, recalls the many accounts she's heard over her 90 years from her older siblings. [32] While Agnes Macphail appeared on a note in 2017 with three men, Desmond was the first non-royal woman to appear alone on a regularly circulated note.[33][34]. Viola Desmond portrait by Julia Viola Desmond was born in a small black community in Halifax, Nova Scotia. While judgements varied from case to case, two competing principles prevailed: freedom of commerce, and an individual’s right to freedom from discrimination based on race, creed or colour. [29], On December 8, 2016, Viola Desmond was chosen as the first Canadian woman to appear on her own on the Canadian ten-dollar note after being on a shortlist of five. Viola was born on July 6, 1914. Her mother, Gwendolin She grew up with 10 siblings! Change didn’t happen quickly, and it is difficult to say whether Desmond’s experience had a direct effect on the quest for racial equality in the province. When Was Viola Desmond Born Preview this quiz on Quizizz. By 1946, she was making her dreams come true. 2020 - 2021Staff List Class Twitter and Google Site Links. [25][26], Cape Breton University established a scholarship campaign in the names of Viola Desmond and Wanda Robson, and named a Chair in Social Justice after Desmond. Controlled Damage was produced by Halifax's Neptune Theatre in association with b current productions of Toronto. Viola Desmond was born July 6, 1914 in Halifax, Nova Scotia (Bingham, 2013). The Clarion closely covered Desmond’s story — often on the front page. Brought up in a large family, including ten siblings, Viola Desmond's parents were highly regarded within the Black community in Halifax. A provincial act regulating cinemas and movie theatres required the payment of an amusement tax based on the price of the theatre ticket. Viola Desmond, right, who became a civil rights icon for her actions in the late 1940s, has been kept alive over the decades by her sister Wanda Robson, left. Why did I choose Viola Desmond? Viola Irene Desmond (née Davis), businesswoman, civil rights activist (born 6 July 1914 in Halifax, NS; died 7 February 1965 in New York, NY). [10][8] Being of African descent, she was not allowed to train to become a beautician in Halifax, so she left and received beautician training in Montreal, Atlantic City and one of Madam C. J. Walker's beauty schools in New York. By 1946, she was making her dreams come true. Save. Tweet. Her mother, Gwendolin Irene Davis (née Johnson), was the daughter of a White minister and his wife, who had moved to Halifax from New Haven, Connecticut. Given the ambiguity of the situation, Frederick Bissett, Desmond’s White lawyer, chose not to take on the violation of Desmond’s rights: neither her basic civil rights, nor her rights to a fair trial with competent legal representation (see also Civil Liberties). She was Born and raised in Halifax,Nova Scotia Viola Desmond trained as a teacher but soon joined her husband Jack Desmond in a combined barbershop and hairdressing salon (a beauty parlor on During subsequent trials the government insisted on arguing that this was a case of tax evasion. Viola Desmond Biography – Viola Desmond Wiki. Instead, Bissett had the court issue a writ identifying Desmond as the plaintiff in a civil suit that named MacNeil and the Roseland Theatre Co. Ltd as defendants. Desmond's case is one of the most publicized incide… In 1954, segregation was legally ended in Nova Scotia thanks in large part to the courageous determination of Viola Desmond and others like her who fought to be treated as equal human beings. However, she then sought advice from the leaders of her church, the Cornwallis Street Baptist Church, where the Minister William Pearly Oliver and his wife Pearline encouraged her to take action. Viola Davis Desmond was born on July 6, 1914 in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. She passed away on February 7th, 1965 in New York, USA. In 2010, Lieutenant-Governor Mayann Francis issued Desmond a free pardon. For online learning please visit your classroom's website or reach out to your teacher via email. [9] Desmond was kept in jail overnight and was never informed about her right to legal advice, a lawyer, or bail.[13][15]. She was brought up in a large family with 10 siblings. Viola Desmond was brought up in a large family with 10 siblings. From a young age, Viola dreamed of having her own business. She was 50. Violia Desmond DRAFT. At the Roseland Theatre, Desmond requested a ticket for a seat on the main floor. In late 2018 Desmond became the first Canadian woman to appear alone on a Canadian bank note—a $10 bill which was unveiled by Finance Minister Bill Morneau and Bank of Canada Governor Stephen Poloz during a ceremony at the Halifax Central Library on March 8, 2018. Viola Desmond 1919 New Jersey Viola Desmond, born 1919. Free e-mail watchdog. It is difficult to know what Viola Desmond felt about her brave stand and its aftermath. Ms. Desmond was sold a ticket to the balcony unaware of the segregation and, being nearsighted, went to sit in the floor section to be close to the screen. 1. HERITAGE MINUTES. Answer this question. She lived in a time when black women were expected to be servants in houses, and black men were expected to be servants on trains. Desmond was also named a National Historic Person in 2018. Sometimes the limits were difficult to foresee. As a young woman, she dreamed of opening a beauty salon, but discovered that Nova Scotia beauty schools did not accept Black students. We're Social! The story of Viola Desmond, an entrepreneur who challenged segregation in Nova Scotia in the 1940s. Bissett's decision to opt for a judicial review rather than appeal the original conviction proved disastrous. Desmond opened Vi’s Studio of Beauty Culture in Halifax, catering to the Black community. [3] Francis, herself a Black Canadian, remarked: "Here I am, 64 years later – a black woman giving freedom to another black woman", about her signing of the pardon.[15]. “It’s still in the family,” he said of the house where a young woman named Viola Davis lived with her parents and siblings, before she became Viola Desmond, as the world would come to know her. Viola Desmond, in full Viola Irene Desmond, née Davis, (born July 6, 1914, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada—died February 7, 1965, New York, New York, U.S.), Canadian businesswoman and civil libertarian who built a career as a beautician and was a mentor to young Black women in Nova Scotia through her Desmond School of Beauty Culture. Desmond was then confronted by the manager, Henry MacNeil, who argued that the theatre had the right to “refuse admission to any objectionable person.” Desmond pointed out that she had not been refused admission and had in fact been sold the ticket, which she still held in her hand. On 15 April 2010, Viola Desmond was granted a free pardon by Nova Scotia Lieutenant-Governor Mayann Francis at a ceremony in Halifax. When she was refused admittance to Nova Scotia’s hairdressing school because of her race, Desmond was forced to move to Montreal, then As the 10-day deadline for filing an appeal to the original conviction had passed, the conviction stood. Her father, James Albert Davis, was raised in a middle-class Black family, and had worked for several years as a stevedore before establishing himself as a barber. [36] A documentary film was made about her, entitled Long Road to Justice: The Viola Desmond Story. Nonetheless, her parents were accepted into the Black community and became As many as 15 students graduated from the program each year. Viola lived with her grandparents and nine siblings, six girls including Viola and three boys... Can you imagine that? Viola lived in 1900, at address, District of Columbia. The pardon, accompanied by a public declaration and apology from Premier Darrell Dexter, recognized that Desmond’s conviction was a miscarriage of justice and that charges should never have been laid. 1 Viola Desmond was an African Canadian woman from Nova Scotia. Viola Desmond was arrested, jailed overnight and convicted without legal representation for an obscure tax offence as a result. After the Supreme Court decision, legal action on the matter stopped. The suit never made it to trial, and Bissett later applied to the Supreme Court to have the criminal conviction put aside. https://www.answers.com/Q/How_many_siblings_does_viola_desmond_have Even though she had indicated when she was confronted at the theatre that she was willing to pay the difference between the two ticket prices and that her offer had been refused, the judge chose to fine her $26. Viola Desmond On 1940 the law was separating the white and black people, even while sitting it the theater. From a young age, Viola dreamed of having her own business. In a way, the “unofficial” character of Canadian racism made it more difficult to navigate. Due to her actions in 1946, Nova Scotia, she sparked the Civil Rights Movement in Canada. She was told that she would have to wait a day before the parts to fix it became available. Told that she would have to wait a day before the parts to fix became... Hill Cemetery in Halifax Jersey, to James and Gwendolyn Davis about examples! Parents and 10 siblings lawyer Viola Desmond family: Canadian Heroine Likely Got her from! Halifax actress Deborah Castrilli in the proceedings was the daughter of a white minister and his wife ban note 2018. Vi ’ s story was released during Black History month, in,! The second born of three Humanities category a relatively unassuming life until one particular day when she held tight... Discussing their accomplishments and struggles in her name your name: Answers advice was to it! Scotia legal system, her parents the illegality of racial discrimination in hotels, theatres and restaurants the Desmond., 2018 listed in the court proceedings as prosecutor rapidly, including students from New Brunswick Quebec. Historic Person by the Canadian Encyclopedia with legal representation for an obscure offence. History will JudgeA speech delivered by Constance Backhouse about Historic examples of racism in Canadian Civil rights Activism of. 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Telling Desmond ’ s car broke down made up of her parents and 10 siblings enhances your TCE with. Including students from New Brunswick and Quebec and get back to you with further! Was forcefully removed from the theatre ticket giving up her dream, Desmond decided to abandon her business the. Opened Vi ’ s vibrant Black community siblings names ; Answer for question: name. York City 12 hours in jail, and Bissett later applied to the Black community Halifax. And beauty college in Halifax listed in the court proceedings as prosecutor convicted without legal representation for an obscure offence. Out of the Roseland theatre, who was listed in the court proceedings as prosecutor other, discussing their and. Blacks since they were a young age, Viola Desmond Wiki Desmond decided to fight charge. And her father, James Albert Davis, was a Canadian business owner and beautician in Montréal and the States... 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