In addition, the plant might thrive in the Central Asian republics, whose aridity makes many crops difficult to grow. Soil Not unexpectedly, egusi yields are best on fertile humus-rich loose soil. This is one oilseed that can supply quality food year-round. The dried seeds are best stored in sealed containers. In drier and more barren locations the yield averages two fruits per plant. The results suggest that egusi seeds have good potential for fortifying both traditional and modern food formulations. The species’ biodiversity needs to be gathered, conserved, and compared. Yield. Blend all the ingredients save for the Fish, meats and Ogiri in a blender. Extend Egusi Beyond West Africa This would be a good time to test this crop in research studies across Central Africa, East Africa, the Horn of Africa, and southern Africa. and belongs to the Cucurbitaceae family. The biological value, net protein utilization, and protein-efficiency-ratio proved comparable to or higher than those of standard oilseeds. “The essential amino acids in the proteins of. It is largely free of pests and diseases. There is no standard method for measuring its yield. Concentrated egusi-fruit-extract could even prove more profitable in international trade than egusi seed. The fruit looks so much like a small, round, watermelon that the two are also easily confused.1 However on the inside the egusi fruit is neither red, nor luscious, nor sweet. Botanical Name Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) The soils here are poor in both organic matter and fertility; the rainfall low (800 mm) and brief. It contains numerous quite large seeds each of which may be up to 2 cm long. Despite being a significant foodstuff even by global standards, egusi is hardly known to nutritionists outside a few West African nations. Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features? Exactly how much is sold is unknown, but as far back as the 1960s Nigeria was annually producing 73,000 tons. View our suggested citation for this chapter. Organic growers of medicinal herb seeds, medicinal herb plants, organic vegetable seeds and organic garden seeds Given its closeness to watermelon (which tolerates acidity as extreme as pH 5), egusi should be excellent for areas suffering from the burden of laterite, the red, mostly barren, acid soil that dominates many tropical regions. This crop has such high prospects it deserves intense and far-ranging research. The parallel relation between the species’ genetic diversity and protein quality also needs to be better understood. An NGO in Ghana reports that blending 200 ml of water with 240 ml of dehulled seeds, and seasoning the result with a little honey and salt produces a mixture resembling mother’s milk. Varietal selections. The first benefit of egusi seed is that it can make teeth health. Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Egusi seeds are potentially a source of quality protein for many countries. The fruits keep well, and can be stored several months without decaying. Several micronutrients also contribute to human nutrition. Oil In West Africa egusi oil is sometimes extracted, but so far only on a small scale. Egusi soup is a kind of soup thickened with the ground seeds and popular in West Africa, with considerable local variation. Understandably, then, production-per-hectare is much reduced. In Ghana, egusi is also called akatoa of agushi, and as in Nigeria is used for soup and stew, and most popularly in palaver sauce. High Temperature Excessively high temperatures (over 30°C) during blooming may be harmful, reducing fertilization of the flowers. They vary in color or size of the fruit and the seed. After several days the pulp has decayed, freeing the seeds. Dehulling. Jarret. After a month, fields planted with egusi are typically weed free. That species is indeed very popular, thanks to its productivity and food quality. Those specialists with lifetimes of experience with related cucurbits are likely to possess deep insights that can boost egusi and help Africa’s food production right away. Thanks for your contribution.I will like to know the botanical name of these following leaves…Ewe ela, Ewe imi esu, ewe agogo ,Ewe esisi, ewe aje,ewe orijin,ewe olojongbodu,ewe wowo,ewe lapalapa funfun ati pupa,ewe ajeobale,ewe eti ponla,ewe tanarerinkomi,ewe tanagbowo,ewe agunmona,ewe afomo ajade,ewe adosusu,ewe yeesi,ewe ogo. These notably include the red flour beetle (Tribolium castaneum) and the cigarette beetle (Lasioderma serricone). They crack the shells, heap the fruits up, and cover the pile to promote decomposition. the first word is the name of the genus (see Plant Evolution and Taxonomy). Several varieties of egusi exist in Ghana, Benin and Nigeria. It is possible the name you are searching has less than five occurrences per year. But mostly it is interspersed among other crops, a combination that is especially appreciated because egusi takes care of the weeds. How unique is the name Egusi? Developing appropriate technologies or tools will do more than almost anything to boost this crop. The characteristics and uses of all these seeds are broadly similar. a . Obtain a supply of seed at a local market. , Species from which egusi is derived include Cucumeropsis mannii and Citrullus lanatus.. There are different ways to prepare this West African pumpkin soup with melon. All are cultivated on a large scale in West and Central Africa as they are easy to grow and their seeds are popular foods, and most of what we say here applies to them as well. While many gardeners struggle with "Latin names" of plants, knowing a plant's botanical name allows you to converse with gardeners all over the world. Normally a fruit weighs between 0.8 and 1.5 kg, but those grown in the more challenging climates tend to be smaller. The seeds are a great source of protein and fat. Coarsely ground up, they thicken stews and contribute to widely enjoyed steamed dumplings. Additional justification for the notion of a major egusi initiative comes from North American research. The Pumpkin soup with melon popularly called Egusi soup in West Africa (Nigeria) is not only a traditional delicacy but also an International Cuisine. How about cool conditions? Perhaps there are animals that will eat the intensely bitter material, but a more promising line of research would be to investigate the bitter compounds themselves. 98 ($1.71/Ounce) Get it as soon as Wed, Jan 20. John Cherry reports that a Bauer Mill with special teeth crack the shell and spit out the kernel with about 90 percent efficiency. Egusi seed is botanically known as Citrullus colocynthis (Curcurbita citrullus L. or Citrullus lanatus Thumb.) This sprawling species is poorly adapted for mechanized operations. The research leader, John Cherry, is convinced the crop has a future. It seems unlikely, therefore, that it could compete on the world stage for the industrial-scale production of cooking oil or protein concentrate. In Nigeria this is known as “ogiri-isi” and in Benin “avrouda.” It typically comes with or without dried shrimp. Such extended use will depend on the knowledge of its chemical properties, nutritional properties, and functional properties, such as those relating to thickening, stabilizing, and fortifying processed products. Its biology is virtually unknown. The vines then wither and die. Some authors indicated that Citrullus lanatus originated from more than just the Kalahari Desert and surrounding areas. Fufu is made by combining dried yam flour with hot water and beating it until it thickens. The sauce is popular in central Africa, and can be served over vegetables, meats, and fish. Following any of these procedures, the seeds are easily separated by hand or by a stream of water. In his recollections of life in Ghana, one commentator notes: “Whenever a group of men were standing around talking, their hands were usually busy dehulling [shelling] egusi seeds.” And another recalling life in Cameroon notes: “On many an evening or hot afternoon in farming villages, women sitting with their families will be deftly and rapidly shelling the seeds ready for sale or home cooking.”. Trials Beyond Africa Most nations now produce cucurbits—notably, watermelon, pumpkin, squash, and melon.  Egusi, also known as melon seed is widely used in the preparation of a number of African food dishes, including egusi soup, egusi pepper soup, okra and egusi vegetable soup, egusi fried vegetable. The seeds seen in certain marketplaces certainly look like egusi but may well come from related species (see below). Often the plant is grown alone. Horticultural Development Like vegetables highlighted in other chapters, egusi presents agronomists, plant pathologists, crop breeders, and more with the chance to confront a new crop, to apply first principles, and to develop a baseline of technical knowledge that presently does not exist. To remove the seeds West Africans employ several age-old methods: They break open the fruits with a hard stick and lay the pieces on the soil pulp-side down. De-fatted Meal The solid remaining after the oil has been squeezed out contains 60 percent protein. Another pressing need is mechanical shelling. The data (in tabular form) contain the scientific names, common names, families, vernacular names (Yoruba, Igbo, and Hausa) of the plants, their uses and parts used. Cucumeropsis mannii or Cucumeropsis edulis. In Brussels it is sold under the Congolese name, mbika. Through crossing trials, USDA researchers have found the characteristic fleshy pericarp of egusi seed may be controlled by mutation in a single recessive gene (which they term eg) in “normal” watermelons (Gusmini, G., T.C. Beyond Africa Centuries ago, the plant was taken to Brazil, probably with the slave trade. Agronomic details. People in the former Soviet Union commonly snack on pumpkin, sunflower, and similar seeds. This report is the second in a series of three evaluating underexploited African plant resources that could help broaden and secure Africa's food supply. This is called Binomial nomenclature.It's a a formal system of naming species of living things. For growing watermelon the optimum temperature range is 23-27°C. Although it is not a legume, the crop should be at least tested in programs that use legumes. Egusi is in high demand in tropical markets, especially in the peri-urban and urban markets. In this chapter egusi is presented primarily as the seed of one species, Citrullus lanatus, a type of watermelon. In spite of nutritional value and benefits to farmers and the land, this nutritious age-old resource is languishing. Wehner, and R.L. The figure is based on the dehulled seed, the kernel, which is the edible portion. Special Research Challenges A number of technological developments could help. This is one special limit deserving attention. Definition of egusi in the Definitions.net dictionary. There is, he says, no change in the color or texture of the resulting egusi flour. In London and Madrid, the seeds are sold under the commercial name of egusi. This is number two of four egusi recipes I will be posting on the blog. To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter. This stew is luscious, full of flavor and absolutely to die for. Switch between the Original Pages, where you can read the report as it appeared in print, and Text Pages for the web version, where you can highlight and search the text. What does egusi mean? Brazilians call it “gilo,” a slight corruption of the name used in … Egusi seed compares with the best-known high-protein/high-fat food plants, and it is indigenous. They are used like the seeds of egusi. It is native to Central and West Africa. Normally, fields of crops such as sorghum. In better-watered areas with reasonable soil the harvest averages five fruits per plant. Acid soils. Beyond their use in processed form, egusi seeds are commonly parched and eaten individually as a snack. Upland Areas Wherever watermelons grow, egusi should grow too. Watermelon is also an African native. This limits production in regions with cool summers. Food Technology Egusi offers many opportunities for the world’s food technologists to help reduce African hunger. Egusi is therefore most likely to stay a specialty crop for sale in African food markets. A natural product like this could perhaps have a marketplace advantage big enough to overcome the limitations of distance and doubt. Taxonomic Clarification Is egusi really an aberrant watermelon? In Paris, retailers use the (North African, Asian and Cameroonian) name of courge. At least within West Africa, getting people to consume more and farmers to grow more should be easy, so long as seeds for planting are available and the harvest continues attracting a fair price. This operation is probably not too difficult to mechanize, given that pumpkin seeds are already treated this way on a large scale.13. It is, for instance, available either whole or in flour form wherever African food is sold…notably in Europe and the United States. And its benefits are likely to be felt not only in West Africa but also in eastern and southern Africa, and perhaps elsewhere. The Gourd Family, to which egusi belongs, is represented in Nigeria by 21 genera and 41 species. Certain beetles can ruin the whole harvest.11 But given care the seeds can be stored almost indefinitely. In Ghana, egusi is also called akatoa or agushi, and as in Nigeria is used for soup and stew, and most popularly in palaver sauce. It is an especially promising food for the regions of lower West Africa, where cows cannot thrive and milk is in consequence a rarity. Mansf. Melon seed is popularly or locally called Egusi, and is fortied with essential minerals and vitamins which promotes eye vision, improves the skin and hair, and other numerous benefits it offers. Yoruba people in general and quite notably the people of Ọṣun State – especially the Ijesha people – eat "iyan and egusi", a pounded yam and egusi soup. But in reality, the situation is confused because the name egusi is applied generally to any of several similar looking seeds. 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